30-10-2014 22:52:00 | by: Administrator | hits: 16869283 | Tags:

[Ghana] ITU Selects NCA as partner to deliver Quality of Service training
19-04-2019 | 06:08:00
Ghana’s telecommunications regulator, the National Communications Authority (NCA) has been selected by the International Telecommunications Union (ITU) as a training partner in QoSTP.
EMEA sourcing market hits record high in quarter one of 2019 despite Brexit uncertainty, Index
19-04-2019 | 06:04:00
Despite ongoing uncertainty over Brexit, the sourcing market in Europe, Middle East and Africa (EMEA) set a record with €3.9 billion of combined market value in the first quarter of 2019.
Malawi launches software platform to inform government on health policies
19-04-2019 | 06:00:00
Malawi has become the latest country to launch a health situation room, a software platform designed to help the government make informed decisions about policies and programmes related to health, including HIV.
Fintech disruption broadens financial services in Kenya report
18-04-2019 | 12:43:20
Kenyan banks are now working with Safaricom's M-PESA mobile payments service to offer saving and loan products, a credit positive, Moody's Investors Service says in a recently released report.
[South Africa] Cisco and Dimension Data partner to drive 5G, Internet of Things, and Blockchain
18-04-2019 | 12:32:33
Cisco and South Africa based Dimension Data have announced a new co-innovation agreement, to develop a deeper collaboration environment and framework to jointly solve clients’ business needs.
[Kenya] Safaricom launches third edition of Maisha Ni Digital campaign
18-04-2019 | 12:19:39
Safaricom has today launched this year’s smartphone campaign that will be introducing the most affordable 4G devices in Kenya ;- Neon Ray and Neon Nova.
[South Africa] Kauai launches food delivery app
18-04-2019 | 11:17:57
KAUAI, a franchise of multi-brand food group, Real Foods, has launched a food delivery app.
[Interview] Saeed Ibrahim Talfo, CEO, Golden Land, Sudan
18-04-2019 | 10:19:00
Saeed Talfo has spent about a decade working in ICT, telecom delivery and service, and HE is currently the CEO of GLSD.
[South Africa] Absa adds Western Union’s CashSend to its banking app
18-04-2019 | 06:19:00
Absa says it has now made CashSend and payments via Western Union available on its app, a banking first for South Africa.
Siemens unveils application that measures six cities readiness to embrace digitization
18-04-2019 | 06:08:15
Siemens has launched a new web-based application which reveals the readiness and potential of six major cities to embrace digitization and develop new ways of living, working and interacting.
[Nigeria] Caverton Helicopters selects Ramco Systems to digitize operations
17-04-2019 | 13:20:00
Nigeria aviation and marine logistics player Caverton Helicopters Limited has picked global aviation software provider Ramco Systems to digitize the maintenance and engineering operations.
Artificial Intelligence to play a key role in Kenya’s growth, development and democratisation
17-04-2019 | 10:22:24
AI has the potential to enhance productivity and growth by expanding opportunities in key sectors for Kenya and the wider continent.
[South Africa] Government targets rural schools with cyber labs to deepen ICT penetration
17-04-2019 | 06:37:00
An innovative initiative by government to supply modern technology equipment to disadvantaged schools in rural areas is set to change the lives of learners at these schools.
[Nigeria] Farmcrowdy partners with Livestock 247 to streamline farming operations
16-04-2019 | 19:05:00
Farmgate Africa, Nigeria’s agro-commodity aggregator platform has announced its partnership with Livestock247.com, an online Livestock Market.
Telkom Kenya launches cloud-based voice services targeting businesses
16-04-2019 | 15:03:49
Telkom Kenya has introduced a new cloud-based fixed voice service dubbed “Omniconnect”, allowing SMEs and corporates to outsource for robust and secure cutting-edge technology.
Akon Lighting partners with Group A MondoBrain to provide accurate and sustainable energy solutions in Africa
16-04-2019 | 13:00:00
Akon has announced the signing of a formal partnership between Akon Lighting America (ALA) and Artificial Intelligence-solutions provider, Group A MondoBrain.
West Africa’s mobile economy valued at more than $50 billion, study
16-04-2019 | 11:02:00
West Africa’s mobile ecosystem generated more than $50 billion in economic value last year – equivalent to 8.7 per cent of the region’s GDP, according to a new GSMA study.
Deon van Heerden appointed CEO of Cortex Logic
16-04-2019 | 08:48:00
African Artificial Intelligence (AI) Software and Solutions company Cortex Logic has appointed Deon van Heerden as the new Chief Executive Officer and Board Member of the Cortex Group.
Jumia picks BNY Mellon as its depositary bank for its IPO in the US
16-04-2019 | 06:00:48
Pan-African e-commerce platform Jumia has picked BNY Mellon for its American Depositary Receipt (ADR) program.
Canon partners with Nafham to offer free online photography and film to Egypt students
16-04-2019 | 05:50:12
Nafham to offer Canon has partnered with Nafham, a free online crowdsourced educational platform, to create an innovative photography and film making online course, ‘Hekayet Sora.’
Belfrics Group launches a blockchain skill-drive initiative in association with DIT Tanzania
15-04-2019 | 12:13:53
Belfrics Group,in association with Dar Es Salaam Institute of Technology (DIT) have announced a joint initiative to develop a pool of talented and skilled technology professionals for blockchain as a domain.
Medscheme bets on FICO decision technology to improve business
15-04-2019 | 12:05:00
Medscheme, one of South Africa's largest providers of administrative and health risk management solutions for the healthcare sector, has created a modern decision platform for its Medical Aid Administration business.
DHL brings over 200 global online stores to African consumers with innovative platform
12-04-2019 | 06:58:00
DHL Express has announced the launch of its new mobile and desktop app aimed at improving the online shopping experience for Africa-based consumers.
Vodafone Egypt picks Red Hat Cloud Suite to streamline operations
11-04-2019 | 06:27:00
Global provider of open source solutions Red Hat, Inc. has announced that Vodafone Egypt has deployed Red Hat Cloud Suite to advance its customer-first digital transformation initiative.
AfricaOnline Ghana launches JOLA Ka-Band high-speed broadband Satellite service on Avanti’s HYLAS4
11-04-2019 | 05:16:00
AfricaOnline has launched its new JOLA service, a high-speed broadband satellite service powered by Avanti’s HYLAS4 satellite that offers 100% coverage of Ghana through multiple spot beams.
Paxful and Jumio collaborate in global anti-money laundering drive
10-04-2019 | 13:31:00
Paxful has teamed up with Jumio® to improve Anti-Money Laundering (AML) procedures and implement Know Your Customer (KYC) requirements onto the marketplace.
[South Africa] Wireless Application Service Providers’ Association inaugural board begins its term
10-04-2019 | 09:27:28
South Africa’s Wireless Application Service Providers’ Association has amended its Constitution to represent the interests of its members while also pursuing a mobile consumer protection mandate.
[South Africa] Vodacom empowers unemployed youth with ICT skills
10-04-2019 | 06:24:46
Vodacom Foundation has certified thirty seven unemployed youth, who underwent 24 demanding months of theory, practicals and work-based placement training.
[Kenya] Multi Cloud, AI, IoT to Pave Way for Digital Transformation
10-04-2019 | 05:52:00
Dell Technologies is now banking on Multi Cloud Technology, Artificial Intelligence and Internet of Things to provide enterprises with enhanced solutions as Kenya gets into the digital transformation era.
Facebook artificial intelligence researchers create world's most detailed population density maps of Africa to address infrastructure challenges
09-04-2019 | 15:05:12
Facebook is working closely with key non-profit and research partners to use artificial intelligence (AI) and big data to address large-scale social, health and infrastructure challenges in sub Saharan Africa.
Cisco launches incubation hub in Kenya targeting SMMEs
09-04-2019 | 06:20:00
Cisco has announced the launch an Incubation hub in Kenya. This Incubation Centre will impart business knowledge and speed up access to market for Small Medium and Micro Enterprises.
Nihilent opens first user experience lab in Africa
09-04-2019 | 06:17:00
Nihilent, a global consulting and solutions integration company, has opened its first user experience (UX) lab on the continent, it is the only other such facility outside India and second globally.
Workz Group launches 5G SIM card in Africa and Middle East
09-04-2019 | 06:14:00
Mobile & IoT solutions provider, Workz Group has announced the launch of its 5G SIM card which will support the next generation of cellular mobile communications required to drive the Internet of Things.
DoshEx and Pundi X collaborate to roll out blockchain-driven point-of-sale technology in South Africa
08-04-2019 | 12:21:29
DoshEx, the South African Digital Asset Exchange, and global blockchain-based payment pioneer Pundi X, have announced a strategic partnership to bring cryptocurrency to high street retailers and local consumers.
Huawei and Tunisia partner to promote ICT talents and digital economy
08-04-2019 | 08:45:00
Huawei and Tunisia have agreed to strengthen cooperation on ICT talents cultivation, digital economy development and public safety.
African music streaming service Boomplay completes $20 million series A funding
08-04-2019 | 06:42:14
Boomplay, the largest and fastest-growing music streaming service in Africa, has raised $20 million in Series A funding led by Maison Capital and followed by Seas Capital and other strategic investors.
Beep Tool unveils m-naira mobile payment and money transfer app in Nigeria
08-04-2019 | 06:38:16
BeepTool, an indigenous tech start-up based in Lagos Nigeria has unveiled m-naira App, designed to bridge the gap in financial inclusion, mobile payment and remittance space.
Siemens launches data visualization project that transforms Africa’s urban centers into smart cities
08-04-2019 | 06:30:11
Siemens has launched an extraordinary data visualization project called FABRIC.
Liquid Telecom receives $180 million investment from CDC Group to expand its fibre footprint
05-04-2019 | 06:30:20
Liquid Telecom, a subsidiary of Econet Global, as announced completion and receipt of an investment of $180 million investment from CDC Group plc.
African Development Bank and Microsoft launch all-female coding training in five African countries
04-04-2019 | 12:35:00
One hundred and sixty young women have begun a month-long coding class on two Nigerian campuses under a new programme to give African youth digital skills for the work force.
Farmcrowdy launches online market place for African agriculture commodities
04-04-2019 | 12:13:00
Nigeria's digital agriculture platform Farmcrowdy Group has launched a new subsidiary, Farmgate Africa, a technology-driven agro-trading market place for agriculture commodities in Africa.
E-commerce holds huge promise for enhancing free trade in Africa, UNCTAD
04-04-2019 | 09:16:02
E-commerce can significantly boost free trade across Africa and therefore help realize the objectives of the Africa Continental Free Trade Agreement (AfCFTA).
WSO2 picks DeARX as its Southern Africa reseller expanding its IT business in the region
04-04-2019 | 07:19:00
South African IT services business DeARX Services and global open source integration vendor WSO2 have entered into an agreement.
[South Africa] Consumers moving away from traditional forms of entertainment and media consumption, Pwc Survey
04-04-2019 | 05:37:00
Almost 40% of those surveyed are moving away from consuming entertainment through traditional channels and rather streaming daily or more.
South Africa Electoral Commission launches online reporting tool to counter misinformation
03-04-2019 | 08:09:55
The Electoral Commission has launched an innovative online reporting platform to help combat the scourge of disinformation intended to unfairly influence the elections.
Yodiwo South Africa and Cold Tech Marketing announce strategic IoT partnership to transform smart retail sector in Africa
03-04-2019 | 08:00:00
This partnership is set to revolutionise the smart retail sector in South Africa with intelligent IoT platform capabilities, analytics, and machine learning algorithms.
Parallel Wireless introduces 5G RuralFirst initiative to connect rural areas in Africa
03-04-2019 | 05:22:00
Despite significant strides in the telecom industry, which have been made in terms of technology and reach, the spread of network connection in rural areas around the world, remains the last frontier for the telecom industry.
Jiji welcomes OLX users in Africa
02-04-2019 | 13:51:54
Jiji and OLX announced that both companies have reached an agreement under which Jiji will acquire OLX businesses in Ghana, Kenya, Tanzania, and Uganda, pending certain regulatory approvals.
Royal Swaziland Sugar Corporation bets on IoT to streamline operations
02-04-2019 | 08:56:00
In the highly competitive and scientific sugar production industry, even incremental improvements can enhance the profitability, efficiency and long-term sustainability of sugar production companies.
[South Africa] Cortex Logic expands team to grow artificial intelligence products and services business.
02-04-2019 | 06:48:08
South Africa’s Artificial Intelligence (AI) software and solutions company Cortex Logic has announced a series of appointments as it seeks to grow its business and reach.
Uganda government and stakeholders commit to pursue mobile-enabled digital transformation
01-04-2019 | 15:09:00
The Government of Uganda in partnership with the GSMA, and other stakeholders have held a high-level round table on mobile-enabled digital transformation in Uganda.
[Column] Erik Roos: Are e-pharmacies on the cards for South Africa?
01-04-2019 | 09:46:00
Amazon’s recent entry into the pharmaceutical market, following its acquisition of PillPack – an online US pharmacy – has got local experts re-evaluating the role of internet pharmacies in SA.
[Ghana] AfricaOnline appoints Foster Plender as Managing Director
01-04-2019 | 07:51:00
AfricaOnline, Ghanaian ISP and a Gondwana International Networks subsidiary, has appointed industry stalwart, Foster Plender as its Managing Director.
Internet Exchange Point of Nigeria becomes a regional internet exchange hub for West Africa
29-03-2019 | 12:50:15
The Internet Exchange Point of Nigeria (IXPN) has become a regional internet exchange with the support of the African Union Commission.
Atigs Group partners with Quanfarm for expansion in Africa
29-03-2019 | 12:40:35
Africa business development company, Atigs Group has partnered with Quanfarm, a Silicon-Valley based Predictive Analytics, Automation, and AI firm, with expansion plans in Africa.
Online Marketplaces Could Create 3 Million Jobs in Africa by 2025, BCG report
28-03-2019 | 11:41:12
Online marketplaces such as Jumia, Souq, Uber, and Travelstart could create around 3 million new jobs by 2025 across Africa according to a new report released today by Boston Consulting Group (BCG).
[South Africa] Standard Bank Group selects AWS as its preferred cloud provider
28-03-2019 | 10:06:40
Amazon Web Services, an Amazon.com company, has announced that Standard Bank Group has selected AWS as its preferred cloud provider with the intention of migrating its production workloads.
Liquid Telecom selects Nokia to deploy upgraded channel network in East Africa for expanded broadband services
28-03-2019 | 09:43:00
Liquid Telecom Kenya, part of the pan-African telecoms group Liquid Telecom, and Nokia have announced a two-year partnership to upgrade their existing fiber network.
Oracle partners with the Government of Ghana to support local entrepreneurs
27-03-2019 | 13:15:33
The Oracle Global Startup Ecosystem and the Government of Ghana have announced a new collaborative effort to support technology-enabled startups and entrepreneurs across Ghana.
Blue Turtle and UiPath partner to offer automatization solutions in African
27-03-2019 | 10:39:30
Blue Turtle Technologies, South Africa’s enterprise technology management company, i has been appointed as an official reseller partner for UiPath, the enterprise robotic process automation (RPA) software company.
Rwanda, Glo seek digital partnership to foster regional integration in Africa
27-03-2019 | 10:34:10
Rwandan President, Paul Kagame and Globacom's Executive Vice Chairman, Mrs Bella Disu, have initiated discussions on the use of digital technology to help the march towards economic prosperity in Africa.
MTN South Africa partners with Clickatell to launch chat commerce on WhatsApp
27-03-2019 | 07:06:22
MTN South Africa has partnered with global customer engagement company, Clickatell to launch MTN Chat, enabling its customers to engage with the telco over WhatsApp.
Tanzania selects HID Global Solutions to implement new web-based visa and residence permit services
27-03-2019 | 06:51:00
The government of Tanzania has selected HID Global®, a worldwide leader in identity solutions’ citizen ID solutions to add e-Visa and e-Permit capabilities to its e-Passport.
IOT Industry Council of South Africa unveiled
26-03-2019 | 06:02:00
The IOT Industry Council of South Africa (IOTIC) has announced that it has been formally constituted as a new industry representative body, holding its first Annual General Meeting in Johannesburg.
Online tool tackles non-tariff barriers in Africa
25-03-2019 | 09:54:15
Zambian traders bringing molasses into Botswana on the Kazungula Ferry on 1 December 2016 were surprised when border officials asked for a fumigation certificate.
[South Africa] JSE endorses Naspers proposal to unbundle foreign internet assets
25-03-2019 | 09:48:20
Naspers has announced that it is proposing to unbundle its internet interests outside of South Africa into a new company (Newco) and to separately list Newco on Euronext Amsterdam as a primary listing.
Telecom Egypt targets 2000 employees with voluntary early retirement program in cost cutting drive
25-03-2019 | 07:49:05
Telecom Egypt has announced that its Board of Directors has approved in its idea to proceed with a voluntary early retirement program to its employees.
Tax reform, digitization key to financing development, ECA report
25-03-2019 | 07:37:16
Africa must digitize its economies and to achieve the UN 2030 global goals (SDGs), and the AU Agenda 2063 according to the 2019 Economic Report on Africa.
[South Africa] IDU expands its cloud offering through partnership with Microsoft Azure
22-03-2019 | 10:13:10
South Africa’s Idu-Concept, has expanded its cloud offering through a partnership with Microsoft Azure.
South Africa Navy picks Teledyne CARIS software to upgrade operations
22-03-2019 | 07:36:46
Teledyne CARIS has announced it will be delivering a full software solution to the South African Navy Hydrographic Office.
[Kenya] Telkom sets up fibre loop for Mombasa in network expansion
22-03-2019 | 07:31:31
Kenya’s Telkom has begun setting up a fibre loop for the city of Mombasa to meet growing demand for faster data by its business and individual customers.
NBA and YouTube launch live games on League’s First Channel dedicated to fans in Sub-Saharan Africa
20-03-2019 | 13:47:35
The National Basketball Association (NBA) and YouTube today announced the launch of the NBA’s first YouTube channel dedicated to fans in sub-Saharan Africa.
[South Africa] Cell C and Facebook launch public access Wi-Fi hotspots at UWC
20-03-2019 | 12:10:00
Cell C has partnered with Facebook to launch the first public access Wi-Fi hotspots at the University of the Western Cape (UWC).
STOA acquires 23 per cent stake in Metro Fiber South Africa
20-03-2019 | 08:24:28
Investment multinational STOA Infra and Energy has announced the acquisition of a significant minority equity interest, 23.08 per cent, in Metro Fiber, a South African open access fiber network operator.
South Africa’s ISPA accuses Telkom of delaying number portability drive
20-03-2019 | 06:00:00
South Africa’s Internet Service Providers Association has accused Telkom of complicating and delaying the number portability drive arguing that the telco was applying the tactics for fear of loosing out competitively.
Seacom to provide direct connectivity for Kenyan businesses to South Africa
19-03-2019 | 11:48:00
SEACOM has announced that it will now offer direct connections from its East Africa network to public cloud networks and data centers located in South Africa.
Mobile technology adds $2.5 billion to Tanzania economy, GSMA report
19-03-2019 | 09:09:36
Tanzania’s mobile industry is contributing significantly to the realization of the country’s economic and development goals, according to a new GSMA report dubbed Digital Transformation in Tanzania.
[South Africa] Internet Solutions launches integrated voice service for Microsoft teams
19-03-2019 | 06:25:29
South Africa technology company Internet Solutions has unveiled integrated enterprise voice service for Microsoft Office 365 Teams.
NatSave and Mastercard partner to drive digital transformation and financial inclusion in Zambia
18-03-2019 | 06:55:56
The National Savings Bank (NatSave) and Mastercard have signed an agreement which will see the bank rollout Mastercard Chip and PIN prepaid and debit cards.
[South Africa] Capitec Bank set to expand its payments business with ACI Worldwide’s retail payments solution
18-03-2019 | 06:49:51
ACI Worldwide, a global provider of real-time electronic payment and banking solutions, has announced an extension of its long-standing relationship with Capitec Bank, South Africa’s second largest retail bank.
[Nigeria] Cars45 expands retail footprint with Enyo partnership
18-03-2019 | 06:38:00
Nigeria’s largest online vehicle trading platform, Cars45, has partnered with ENYO Retail and Supply, an innovative fuel retail brand, to increase its retail footprints.
Boomplay in deal to distribute Warner Music in ten African countries
15-03-2019 | 13:27:49
Boomplay, the largest music streaming and download service in Africa, has signed a direct licensing agreement with Warner Music to bring the record company's diverse global roster of music to the region.
VAST Network selects Benu Networks platform to deliver affordable connectivity across Africa
15-03-2019 | 06:40:36
VAST Networks, Africa’s first open access network provider, has selected Virtual Service Edge (VSE) platform to deliver affordable connectivity, save on costly spectrum, and improve the customer experience.
TLcom hosts Internet founder and pioneer, Sir Tim Berners-Lee in Lagos
14-03-2019 | 11:54:42
To mark the 30th anniversary of the invention of the worldwide web, Africa-focussed venture capital firm TLcom hosted Internet founder and pioneer, Sir Tim Berners-Lee in Lagos.
CEB FiberNet picks ECI telecom to design and deploy fiber-optic backbone network in Mauritius
14-03-2019 | 06:22:52
ECI, has been awarded a contract by CEB FiberNet to expand its existing fiber optic network coverage to provide advanced telecom services and connectivity to the country.
SAP, Google Cloud launch Global Sustainability Contest for social entrepreneurs
14-03-2019 | 06:22:00
SAP and Google Cloud have launched a Global Sustainability Contest for Social Entrepreneurs looking for revenue-generating ideas that use data analytics and machine learning to power circular economy businesses.
Youtube Premium launches in South Africa
14-03-2019 | 06:15:48
Google has announced the launch of YouTube Premium and YouTube Music in South Africa, making it the first country to enjoy the services.
Liquid Telecom expands availability of Microsoft Azure in Africa
14-03-2019 | 05:17:31
Liquid Telecom and Microsoft Gold Partner, have announced the availability of Microsoft Azure across its pan-African network.
South Africa Rugby Union names Microsoft its official cloud partner
13-03-2019 | 13:55:46
Microsoft South Africa has announced that it is the official cloud partner of the South African Rugby Union (SARU).
Converge Technologies embraces Zinfi solutions to automate its African operations
13-03-2019 | 08:35:00
ZINFI Technologies, Inc. has announced that Converge Technologies, a reseller of IT and telecommunications solutions in Africa, has begun using its technology to automate its marketing workflow.
BitMinutes forays into Nigeria’s booming crypto space
13-03-2019 | 06:15:00
BitMinutes Inc., a financial services technology company (FinTech) that leverages blockchain and tokenization launched in Nigeria a few weeks ago and has caught the attention of the locals.
Vodacom partners with Samsung to unveil South Africa’s first eSIM wearable
13-03-2019 | 06:03:54
Vodacom customers will soon have the freedom to connect and link a number of devices to their primary account using the same phone number following the launch of Vodacom OneNumber.
Visa targets 15 Tanzania banks with mobile app that allows cross-border transactions
13-03-2019 | 06:00:16
Global payment technology company Visa, is set to unveil a mobile app in Tanzania that will allow free of charge and cross border transactions.
[Kenya] Affordable entry-level devices key driver of smartphone adoption, Jumia Report
13-03-2019 | 05:16:13
According to the Jumia White Paper, the smartphone industry has remained a truly competitive landscape throughout the years, with Chinese brands dominating both Kenyan and African markets.
Aurecon picks Orange to manage its communications infrastructure in Africa, Asia and Middle East
12-03-2019 | 10:30:19
Aurecon has selected Orange Business Services, a global technology integrator, to manage its global communications infrastructure.
[South Africa] Government rolls out free WIFI in Eastern Cape targeting students, small businesses
12-03-2019 | 08:03:49
The local communities of Sterkspruit, just outside Aliwal North in the Eastern Cape, will now be able to connect their cellphones to the free WiFi that was officially launched by Communications Minister.
[Kenya] Standard Chartered Bank unveils new digital banking platform providing 68 services
12-03-2019 | 07:53:41
Standard Chartered Bank unveiled SC Mobile Digital Bank for its retail customers with enhanced features at a cost of KES 83.4 million.
Africa and Middle East marketing automation software market to reach $1.9 billion by 2024, research
11-03-2019 | 13:29:55
According to the market research report published by P&S Intelligence, Middle East and Africa marketing automation software market is expected to reach $1.9 billion by 2024.
Unissense-Africa seeks to build the largest e-commerce platform for SMEs in the continent
11-03-2019 | 13:23:56
Over the last 14 years or thereabout, the bilateral relations between the People's Republic of China (PRC) and Africa (as a whole) have grown significantly.
Africa and Middle East PC devices market outperforms expectations but outlook for 2019 remains bleak, report
11-03-2019 | 12:16:00
The Middle East and Africa (MEA) personal computing devices market, which is made up of desktops, notebooks, workstations, and tablets, declined 5.0% year on year in Q4 2018.