More help needed to save millions from hunger in the Democratic Republic of Congo
The United Nations World Food Programme (WFP) warns millions of lives could be lost in Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) due to hunger unless the international community steps up with more help.
Four in ten of DRC’s estimated 100 million people are food insecure, according to the most recent nationwide data, with 15.6 million suffering “crisis” or “emergency” hunger. “So many Congolese are on the edge, and in even greater danger now of being tipped over the edge,” said Claude Jibidar, WFP’s Representative in DRC. “The world just can’t let that happen, worried though it understandably is about the huge toll COVID-19 is taking on lives and livelihoods elsewhere.”
WFP needs another $172 million to be able to fully implement its emergency operation in the country over the next six months. It plans to support 8.6 million people this year, including almost a million of those hit hardest by the pandemic - up from a record 6.9 million reached in 2019. But without the necessary funding, food rations and cash assistance will have to be cut, then the number of people being helped. Interventions to treat and prevent acute malnutrition, which afflicts 3.4 million Congolese children are at immediate risk.
Malnutrition is particularly pervasive in conflict-ravaged, mineral-rich eastern DRC, where decades of brutal and opportunistic ethnic fighting has forced millions of civilians from their homes, many of them numerous times. Violence there in the first half of 2020, some of it allegedly amounting to war crimes uprooted over a million people.
Most of the more than five million Congolese displaced inside the country, Africa’s largest such population live in makeshift camps and urban areas with poor sanitation and healthcare, making them especially susceptible to COVID-19. WFP provides many with food or cash. Killer diseases, such as malaria and cholera, compound the hunger challenge.
By the time the country’s tenth and biggest Ebola epidemic ended in June, having claimed almost 2,300 lives in the east over two years, WFP food assistance and aviation support were central to the response, the eleventh had erupted in the northwest, and continues to spread. The central Kasai region is the epicentre of a largescale outbreak of measles, which significantly increases the risk of fatalities among malnourished children.
This year’s harvest is again expected to be below-average in much of DRC because of drought, flooding and pest infestations, as well as farmers’ limited access to their fields owing to insecurity and COVID-19 movement restrictions. Yet with some 80 million hectares of arable land, the second largest such area in the world after Brazil and half of Africa’s water resources, DRC has the potential to produce more than enough food for its people.