Angola government launches coffee culture revitalization programme
Angola’s Minister of Agriculture and Forests, António de Assis, has, in the municipality of Mungo (Huambo), launched the Program of Revitalization of Arabica Coffee Culture in the family sector, with the objective of contributing to the anti-poverty strategies while ensuring food security and quality.
Held in the village of Beteleme, 157 kilometers from Huambo city, the event, witnessed by the governor of the central plateau, Joana Lina, was marked by the distribution of 15,000 seedlings of Arabica coffee to 30 peasant families of this locality, which has 3,000 residents have agriculture as a source of livelihood.
The program will initially benefit the municipalities of Bailundo, Chicala-Cholohanga, Londuimbali, Huambo and Mungo, with the selection of 30 peasant families from each of the towns, with a total of 150 to avoid monoculture and create sustainability of production systems in the country.
In colonial times, these municipalities were capable of producing 1,600 tons of commercial coffee grown on 5,000 hectares of land.
On the occasion, the Minister of Agriculture and Forests, António de Assis, said it was a project of “extreme importance”, especially regarding the increase of the families' economic and financial income, hence the reason why the peasants take good care of the plants, so that they can bear the desired fruits.
“From now on, families who have benefited from a coffee seedling should be aware that they have received one more child. So they need to know if this child needs something or correction to grow up healthy and the family is proud to have a member who can solve their problems, ”he explained.
In this way, the governor asked the peasants to be more united and cohesive, to face the challenges of economic diversification and the fight against poverty, since coffee is a cash crop that, in addition to increasing the possibility for families to earn more money. , can boost the industrial sector.
In another part of his speech, the Minister of Agriculture and Forests stressed that the technicians of the Institute for Agrarian Development (IDA) should be well trained to better contribute to the efficiency and effectiveness of the rural development program at a time when the country is debate with the lack of fertilizers.
He recalled that Angola needs, on average, 170 thousand tons of fertilizers annually, or at least 75 thousand, to meet the needs of the sector, which is why these professionals are more patriotic, responsible, dedicated and rigorous in the management of the media. available to make agriculture the basis of the national economy.
António de Assis said that extensionists have the mission of transmitting technical knowledge to the peasants in order to increase the production of the main crops that contribute to poverty reduction, especially now with the implementation of the coffee revitalization program.
According to data from the National Coffee Institute (INCA), in this agricultural campaign will be available 80 thousand seedlings, 15 thousand of the variety "Acauã Novo" and 65 thousand of the species "Mundo Novo".
In the past, coffee occupied a prominent place in the Angolan economy, having been considered the main export product, reaching high quantities and placing the country in the position of 3rd largest producer at international level, in 1974, and the first of in Angola in 1975.
At present, production is incipient, dominated by family-owned farms with low productivity plantations and market access difficulties. It is a robust coffee, due to the existence of areas of the country with edapho-climatic characteristics conducive to the development of this species: Bengo, Cabinda, Cuanzas Sul and Norte, as well as Uíge, while arabica coffee appears in small quantities in Benguela. , Bie and Huambo.